The increasingly large scale, complex, and diverse nature of cities demands the expansion of traditional architectural capabilities to embrace an understanding of the structure and functioning, and three-dimensional design and management of, human settlements. The MUD degree curriculum comprises one year of full-time study, open to Honours or Masters-level graduates in Architecture, Landscape Architecture , or Planning from any recognised institution approved by Senate. However, in terms of rule FMB6.1, BAS(Hons); MLA and BCP(Hons) graduates from the University who have completed prescribed work in the theory of City Planning and Urban Design while registered for that degree, may obtain exemption from courses in the first semester of the curriculum for the MUD degree. All students entering the programme must do so in the first semester of the year. Course work in the programme includes the theoretical and practical subject matter necessary to meet the requirements of the Certification of Environmental Assessment Practitioners in South Africa.